Indelible Grace Hymnbook

William Croft

Baptized: De­cem­ber 10, 1678, Ne­ther Et­ting­ton, War­wick­shire, Eng­land.

Died: Au­gust 14, 1727, Lon­don, Eng­land.

Buried: West­min­ster Ab­bey, Lon­don, Eng­land.

As a boy, Croft was a chor­is­ter at the Cha­pel Roy­al. From 1700-12, he was or­gan­ist at St. Anne, So­ho, Lon­don. From 1704 on, he was, joint­ly with Jer­e­m­i­ah Clarke, or­gan­ist of the Cha­pel Roy­al. In 1708 he be­came Mas­ter of the Child­ren at Cha­pel Roy­al and or­gan­ist at West­min­ster Ab­bey. In 1713 he re­ceived a Doc­tor of Mu­sic de­gree from Ox­ford Uni­ver­si­ty. In 1726, the Aca­de­my of Vo­cal Mu­sic (lat­er the Aca­de­my of An­cient Mu­sic) was found­ed by 13 mu­si­cians, in­cluding Croft, Pep­usch, Bo­non­ci­ni, and Gem­i­ni­a­ni.

Croft was com­pos­er to Queen Anne and was rec­og­nized as the fore­most church mu­si­cian of his time. Croft al­so wrote in­stru­ment­al works (e.g., cem­balo and so­na­tas for flute (re­cord­er). His works inc­lude:

Musicus Ap­pa­ra­tus, 1713 (pub­lished in 1715)
Musica Sac­ra, 1724; the first edi­tion of ful­ly scored Eng­lish church mu­sic

Source: The Cyber Hymnal